“hēgemōn”

Quick Facts

  • Pronunciation: hā-ge-mō’n
  • Strongs Concordance: #G2232
    • a leader of any kind, a guide, ruler, prefect, president, chief, general, commander, sovereign
      • a “legatus Caesaris”, an officer administering a province in the name and with the authority of the Roman emperor
        • the governor of a province
      • a procurator, an officer who was attached to a proconsul or a proprietor and had charge of the imperial revenues
        • in causes relating to these revenues he administered justice. In the smaller provinces also, which were so to speak appendages of the greater, he discharged the functions of governor of the province; and such was the relation of the procurator of Judaea to the governor of Syria.
      • first, leading, chief
        • of a principal town as the capital of the region
  • Appears [ x] times in  [x] verses in the New Testament
  • Common translations
    • “Ruler” (1x)
    • “chief” (1x)
    • “consider” (3x)
    • “considered” (2x)
    • “considering” (1x)
    • “count” (4x)
    • “counted” (1x)
    • “esteem” (1x)
    • “governor” (1x)
    • “leader” (1x)
    • “leaders” (3x)
    • “leading” (1x)
    • “led” (1x)
    • “regard” (5x)
    • “regarded” (1x)
    • “thought” (2x)

How hēgemōn is used in the New Testament

  1. Matthew 10:18 NASB – “18 and you will even be brought before governors and kings for My sake, as a testimony to them and to the Gentiles.”

  2. Matthew 27:2, 11, 14-15, 21, 27 NASB – “2 and they bound Him, and led Him away and delivered Him to Pilate the governor. … 11 Now Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor questioned Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?” And Jesus said to him, “It is as you say.” … 14 And He did not answer him with regard to even a single charge, so the governor was quite amazed. 15 Now at the feast the governor was accustomed to release for the people any one prisoner whom they wanted. … 21 But the governor said to them, “Which of the two do you want me to release for you?” And they said, “Barabbas.” … 27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole Roman cohort around Him.”

  3. Matthew 28:14 NASB – “14 “And if this should come to the governor’s ears, we will win him over and keep you out of trouble.””

  4. Mark 13:9 NASB – “9 “But be on your guard; for they will deliver you to the courts, and you will be flogged in the synagogues, and you will stand before governors and kings for My sake, as a testimony to them.”

  5. Luke 20:20 NASB – “20 So they watched Him, and sent spies who pretended to be righteous, in order that they might catch Him in some statement, so that they could deliver Him to the rule and the authority of the governor.”

  6. Luke 21:12 NASB – “12 “But before all these things, they will lay their hands on you and will persecute you, delivering you to the synagogues and prisons, bringing you before kings and governors for My name’s sake.”

  7. Acts 23:24, 26, 33 NASB – “24 They were also to provide mounts to put Paul on and bring him safely to Felix the governor. … 26 “Claudius Lysias, to the most excellent governor Felix, greetings. … 33 When these had come to Caesarea and delivered the letter to the governor, they also presented Paul to him.”

  8. Acts 24:1, 10 NASB – “1 After five days the high priest Ananias came down with some elders, with an attorney named Tertullus, and they brought charges to the governor against Paul. … 10 When the governor had nodded for him to speak, Paul responded: “Knowing that for many years you have been a judge to this nation, I cheerfully make my defense,”

  9. Acts 26:30 NASB – “30 The king stood up and the governor and Bernice, and those who were sitting with them,”

  10. 1 Peter 2:14 NASB – “14 or to governors as sent by him for the punishment of evildoers and the praise of those who do right.”

My observations and perspective

The Greek word hēgemōn is one that definitely describes a principal, ruling, chief or leader. However, it never appears in the context of the local church, or to describe a person or role within the local church.

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