“kathistēmi”

Quick Facts
  • Pronunciation: kä-thē’-stā-mē
  • Strongs Concordance: #G2525
    • to set, place, put
    • to set one over a thing (in charge of it)
    • to appoint one to administer an office
    • to set down as, constitute, to declare, show to be
    • to constitute, to render, make, cause to be
    • to conduct or bring to a certain place
    • to show or exhibit one’s self
    • come forward as
  • Appears 22 times in 22verses in the New Testament
  • Common translations:
    • “appoint” (1x)
    • “appointed” (4x)
    • “appoints” (1x)
    • “escorted” (1x)
    • “made” (5x)
    • “makes” (1x)
    • “put in charge” (3x)
    • “put…in charge” (4x)
    • “render” (1x)
    • “set” (1x)

Where and how kathistēmi is used in the New Testament:

  1. Matthew 24:45, 47 NASB – “”Who then is the faithful and sensible slave whom his master put in charge of his household to give them their food at the proper time? … “Truly I say to you that he will put him in charge of all his possessions.”

  2. Matthew 25:21, 23 NASB – “”His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful slave. You were faithful with a few things, I will put you in charge of many things; enter into the joy of your master.’ … “His master said to him, ‘Well done,  good and faithful slave. You were faithful with a few things, I will put you in charge of many things; enter into the joy of your master.’”

  3. Luke 12:14, 42, 44 NASB – “But He said to him, “Man, who appointed Me a judge or arbitrator over you?” … And the Lord said, “Who then is the faithful and sensible steward, whom his master will put in charge of his servants, to give them  their rations at the proper time? … “Truly I say to you that he will put him in charge of all his possessions.”

  4. Acts 6:3 NASB – “”Therefore, brethren, select from among you seven men of good reputation, full of the Spirit and of wisdom, whom we may put in charge of this task.”

  5. Acts 7:10, 27, 35 NASB – “and rescued him from all his afflictions, and granted him favor and wisdom in the sight of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and he made him governor over Egypt and all his household. … “But the one who was injuring his  neighbor pushed him away, saying, ‘WHO MADE YOU A RULER AND JUDGE OVER US? … “This Moses whom they disowned, saying, ‘WHO MADE YOU A RULER AND A JUDGE?’ is the one whom God sent to be both a ruler and a  deliverer with the help of the angel who appeared to him in the thorn bush.”

  6. Acts 17:15 NASB – “Now those who escorted Paul brought him as far as Athens; and receiving a command for Silas and Timothy to come to him as soon as possible, they left.”

  7. Romans 5:19 NASB – “For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous.”

  8. Titus 1:5 NASB – “For this reason I left you in Crete, that you would set in order what remains and appoint elders in every city as I directed you,”

  9. Hebrews 2:7 NASB – “”YOU HAVE MADE HIM FOR A LITTLE WHILE LOWER THAN THE ANGELS; YOU HAVE CROWNED HIM WITH GLORY AND HONOR, AND HAVE APPOINTED HIM OVER THE WORKS OF YOUR HANDS;”

  10. Hebrews 5:1 NASB – “For every high priest taken from among men is appointed on behalf of men in things pertaining to God, in order to offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins;”

  11. Hebrews 7:28 NASB – “For the Law appoints men as high priests who are weak, but the word of the oath, which came after the Law, appoints a Son, made perfect forever.”

  12. Hebrews 8:3 NASB – “For every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices; so it is necessary that this high priest also have something to offer.”

  13. James 3:6 NASB – “And the tongue is a fire, the very world of iniquity; the tongue is set among our members as that which defiles the entire body, and sets on fire the course of our life, and is set on fire by hell.”

  14. James 4:4 NASB – “You adulteresses, do you not know that friendship with the world is hostility toward God? Therefore whoever wishes to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God.”

  15. 2 Peter 1:8 NASB – “For if these qualities are yours and are increasing, they render you neither useless nor unfruitful in the true knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.”

My observations and perspective

Timothy was left in in Crete to appoint elders – that is, to identify and establish overseers. Is that exercising authority that must be obeyed or could be disobeyed? Did it require submission to governing or authority? It doesn’t appear so. Every other mention of men being appointed over others appears in a Mosaic law context and is deemed inferior.  As with elsewhere, no mention of men being appointed to rule others in a local church context. Overseeing (covered elsewhere) entails watching over, not taking authority over.
Furthermore, this verse speaks volumes regarding the contrast of the Mosaic Law in which men ruled over men, and the New Covenant, in which man is ruled by Christ directly:
Hebrews 7:28 NASB – “For the Law appoints men as high priests who are weak, but the word of the oath, which came after the Law, appoints a Son, made perfect forever.
This, ladies and gentleman, is why human beings seeking to be appointed over men is a complete violation of the New Covenant and a usurpation of the Son who and has made perfect forever. To usurp Christ is to suggest that he is incapable of his role as mediator and high priest.
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s